Primary Sources

1.Wheeler, Linda,"A Salute to the Buffalo Soldiers."The Washington Post 19 September 1997: B01

2.Galloway, Joseph L., "The last of the Buffalo Soldiers" U.S. News 6 May 1996

3. Microsoft, "Civil War Begins." Microsoft Encarta 98 Encyclopedia, Windows 95,Microsoft Coporation,1997

4. Bowers,Raleigh (, December 15). Buffalo Soldiers. E-mail to (afrigeneas@MsState.Edu).


Secondary Sources

1. The History of African Americans in the Military. Malabar:Krieger Publishing Co., 1991

2. "Gallery,"

3. Leckie, William H..The Buffalo Soldiers.Oklahoma:University of Oklahoma Press, 1967.

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